Quick Answer: How Is The Route Of Administration Of Medication Determined?

What is characteristic of the intramuscular route of drug administration?

The intramuscular injection is quick in the way it releases the drug into the human body, and it’s less painful than others.

It’s also a good alternative for people who can’t take drugs orally.

With an intramuscular injection, the muscular tissue can be reached, and absorption is quicker, reduced by about 20 minutes..

What are the 8 routes of drug administration?

Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets. … Injection routes. Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes: … Sublingual and buccal routes. … Rectal route. … Vaginal route. … Ocular route. … Otic route. … Nasal route.More items…

Which route of medication administration is the fastest?

IntravenousIntravenous (IV) Injection straight into the systemic circulation is the most common parenteral route. It is the fastest and most certain and controlled way.

What is the form of medication needed for parenteral route of administration?

Parenteral medications enter the body by injection through the tissue and circulatory system. Injection medications are absorbed more quickly and are used with patients who are nauseated, vomiting, restricted from taking oral fluids, or unable to swallow.

What is inhalation route of drug administration?

Inhalation route Drugs administered by inhalation through the mouth must be atomized into smaller droplets than those administered by the nasal route, so that the drugs can pass through the windpipe (trachea) and into the lungs.

What routes can antibiotics be given in?

Antibiotics can be given by a number of different routes including by mouth, injection into a vein or by washing inside the uterus and the surgical site with a saline solution containing the antibiotic.

Which is faster IV or IM?

IV injections take effect the fastest, and the effects also dissipate the fastest. IM injections take effect the next fastest, and SQ injections take the longest to take effect. All 3 routes are used extensively in veterinary medicine. … IV IS ALWAYS THE FASTEST ROUTE THE NEXT QUICKEST IS RECTAL!

What is difference between enteral and parenteral routes of administration?

Enteral administration involves the esophagus, stomach, and small and large intestines (i.e., the gastrointestinal tract). Methods of administration include oral, sublingual (dissolving the drug under the tongue), and rectal. Parenteral administration is via a peripheral or central vein.

What does buccal administration mean?

Buccal administration involves placing a drug between your gums and cheek, where it also dissolves and is absorbed into your blood. Both sublingual and buccal drugs come in tablets, films, or sprays.

What is the order called to administer a drug as needed?

In order to give a PRN medication, you must have a medication order and a PRN Protocol. The PRN Protocol gives you directions about how to administer an as needed medication.

What are the abbreviations for the routes of administration?

Table: Common Medical and Prescription AbbreviationsAbbreviationMeaning / Intended MeaningCategoryIMintramuscularroute of administrationINintranasalroute of administrationinfinfusionroute of administrationinj.injectionroute of administration128 more rows•Jul 17, 2019

Is the correct meaning for an ID medication administration route?

Intradermal injections (ID) are injections administered into the dermis, just below the epidermis. The ID injection route has the longest absorption time of all parenteral routes.

Is IMQ faster than IM?

Intramuscular injections are absorbed faster than subcutaneous injections. This is because muscle tissue has a greater blood supply than the tissue just under the skin. Muscle tissue can also hold a larger volume of medication than subcutaneous tissue.

What are 3 ways to give injections?

The three main routes are intradermal (ID) injection, subcutaneous (SC) injection and intramuscular (IM) injection. Each type targets a different skin layer: Subcutaneous injections are administered in the fat layer, underneath the skin. Intramuscular injections are delivered into the muscle.

Which is more painful IV or IM?

In the Italian study, 83% of patients thought a spinal injection would be most painful, while 80% said an intramuscular (IM) would hurt least. But after they had actually experienced them, nearly 90% said either IM or intravenous (IV) injections were most unpleasant, with only 11% rating the spinal as most painful.

What drugs can be given intramuscular?

Drugs may be given intramuscularly both for prophylactic as well as curative purposes, and the most common medications include[2]:Antibiotics- penicillin G benzathine penicillin, streptomycin.Biologicals- immunoglobins, vaccines, and toxoids.Hormonal agents- testosterone, medroxyprogesterone.

What are the parenteral routes of administration?

There are five commonly used routes of parenteral (route other than digestive tract) administration: subcutaneous (SC/SQ), intraperitoneal (IP), intravenous (IV), intrader- mal (ID), and intramuscular (IM). Not all techniques are appropriate for each species.

What are the four routes of parenteral administration?

Needle insertion angles for 4 types of parenteral administration of medication: intramuscular, subcutaneous, intravenous, and intradermal injection.

What is percutaneous route of administration?

Definition of Percutaneous Route of Drug Administration Administration of a drug by the way of absorption through the skin, usually for systemic action. The route allows sustained therapeutic plasma drug levels and avoids first pass effect.

What are the five routes of administration?

Routes of administrationOral.Sublingual.Rectal.Topical.Parenteral – Intravenous, intramuscular, subcutaneous.

What are the advantages of intravenous route of administration?

The intravenous route has a number of advantages. Drug is delivered immediately upon the completion of a response requirement and since delivery is into a vein, there is a rapid onset of drug effects. Such immediacy results in rapid acquisition and strong maintenance of behavior.